DFCON & ORGPD – Auth Switches

My apologies if the title of the post make no sense. Probably that’s because of the relatively niche nature of the topic. However, in the last few months, I have come across a few installations where people have run into issues due to security configuration around access to non integrated positions (the so called default position) and thought a new post might be in order.

Both DFCON and ORGPD are authorization switches (refer to my post on Authorization Switches for some background) which control how your SAP security system handles access to employees with non integrated positions (these are the people who exist in the HR component but are not linked to any positions in the Org Mgmt Structure). Setting the proper values for these switches is an one time activity when configuring Structural Authorizations in your SAP system. Since structural authorizations use the OM structure to control access to employees, its a valid question “How do you want to control access to EEs/Pernrs which are not part of the OM structure?” These authorization switches help answer the question. The screen below shows a view from transaction OOAC using the switches.

OOAC - DFCON and ORGPD Switches
OOAC – DFCON and ORGPD Switches

Note that both these switches control access to non integrated persons but shouldn’t be used at the same time. Use ORGPD switch when using plain vanilla structural authorizations and DFCON when using the context solution. There is also a slight difference in the meaning of the different values possible.
Access to these non integrated persons can be controlled by the value of the Org Unit stored in infotype 0001 (org Assignment). However if there is no org unit also maintained in the infotype, the system provides the option of giving/ denying access to all these persons. These two different cases are highlighted in the below screenshots from IT 0001.

Org Assignment - Default Position with no Org Unit
Org Assignment – Default Position with no Org Unit
Org Assignment - Default Position with Org Unit
Org Assignment – Default Position with Org Unit

Possible Values for ORGPD/ DFCON and their meaning

1 = Check access to Org Unit maintained in IT 0001 for persons not linked to the OM structure. if no values are maintained in IT 0001, deny authorization to the person.

2 = Do not check access to Org Unit maintained in IT 0001 for persons not linked to the OM structure. Deny access to all these persons.

3 = Check access to Org Unit maintained in IT 0001 for persons not linked to the OM structure. if no values are maintained in IT 0001, give authorization to the person.

4 = Do not check access to Org Unit maintained in IT 0001 for persons not linked to the OM structure. Give access to all these persons.

0 (ORGPD) = Structural Authorizations are switched off. So the check for pernrs not present in OM doesn’t arise.

0(DFCON) = Same behavior as maintaining 1 for DFCON with one important difference. Context solution is activated by switching on one or more of the INCON, XXCON, NNCON switches which in turn activates authority check for the P_ORGINCON, P_ORGXXCON or the custom Z object. I would explain with an example, For DFCON = 1, INCON = 1 you would need an authorization with P_ORGINCON with all values * (PROFL, PERSA, etc) to get access to pernrs with default position and no org unit maintained. For DFCON = 0, INCON = 1 you would need an authorization with P_ORGINCON with PROFL value * to get access to pernrs with default position and no org unit maintained. PERSA need not be *.

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